Table of Contents

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Foreword by Nityananda Misra
xiii
Preface by Satyanarayana Dasa Babaji
xvii
Preface by Rajiv Malhotra
xxiii
Introduction
xxxi
Diversity of Civilizations
xxxi
Threat of Western Universalism
xxxiv
Sanskrit and World Culture
xxxvi
Sanskriti, the Dharma Civilization
xxxvi
Sanskrit Unites the Great Tradition and Little Traditions
xxxvii
Sankriti and Pan Asia Civilization
xli
Sanskrit, Modernity and Post-Modernity
xlvi
The importance of Protecting Sanskrit
xlvii
1.
The Case For Sanskrit Non-Translatable
1
The Kurukshetra Today
3
Digestion and Destruction
5
The Problem of Sameness
9
Poison Pills
13
Regaining the Adhikara
15
2.
The Theory of Sanskrit Non-Translatable
21
Rationale for Sanskrit Non-Translatables
23
Direct Experiences and Traditions
26
Unity of Sound-Meaning-Object
27
Mantra
29
Discovery of Sanskrit
32
Sanskrit and Pluralism
34
Multiple Experiences of the Same Root Sound
35
Synonyms Are Not Redundant
37
Sanskrit and Contexts
39
The Cognizing Self is Part of the Context
41
Mysticism and the Outer World
42
Sanskrit and Dharma
43
Fifty-Four Sanskrit Non-Translatables
43
3.
Metaphysics
49
Saguna/Nirguna is not Qualified/Quality-less
52
Atma is not Soul
54
Maya is not Illusion
57
Jiva is not Soul
60
Kaivalya is not Salvation
61
Hinduism is not Monotheism/Polytheism
64
Om is not Amen
66
Summary of Metaphysics Non-Translatables
69
4.
Cosmic Tattva-s
73
Shakti is not Energy
75
Prakriti is not Nature
77
Akasha is not Space
79
Agni is not Fire
80
Vayu is not Air
82
Shabda is not Word
84
Indriya is not Sense-Organ
86
Summary of Cosmic Tattva Non-Translatables
88
5.
Vedic Cosmos
91
Loka is not Planet
94
Svarga is not Heaven and Naraka is not Hell
96
Asura is not Demon
97
Devata-s are not Gods or Angels
99
Summary of Vedic Cosmos Non-Translatables
101
6.
Vedic Psychology
103
Sukshma Sharira is not Astral Body
107
Manas is not Mind
108
Buddhi is not Intelligence
110
Chitta is not Unconscious Mind
111
Ahankara is not Ego
113
Summary of Vedic Psychology Non-Translatables
115
7.
Yoga
119
Ahimsa is not Non-Violence
122
Prana is not Breath
123
Chakra is not Energy Centre
125
Dhyana is not Meditation
127
Samadhi is not Trance
129
Summary of Yoga Non-Translatables
131
8.
Sadhana
133
Sadhana is not Spiritual Practice
135
Puja is not Ritual
136
Karma-yoga is not Path of Action
137
Jnana-yoga is not Path of Knowledge
138
Bhakti-yoga is not Path of Devotion
139
Summary of Sadhana Non-Translatables
141
9.
Vedic Shastra
143
Shastra is not Scripture
145
Shruti is not “That which is Heard”
147
Itihasa/Purana is not History/Myth
149
Tantra is not Tantric Sex
150
Guna is not Quality or Mode
152
Summary of Vedic Shastra Non-Translatables
154
10.
Hindu Dharma
157
Samskara is not Ritual or Ceremony
160
Hanuman is not Monkey God
162
Sanskriti is not Culture
163
Agma is not Ritual Text
165
Naga is not Naked
166
Dasa is not Slave
168
Seva is not Service
169
Guru is not Teacher
171
Shraddha is not Faith
173
Summary of Hindu Dharma Non-Translatables
175
11.
Kavya
179
Kavya is not Poetics
182
Kama is not Lust
183
Bhava is not Mood
185
Rasa is not Mellow or Taste
186
Prema is not Love
187
Leela is not Pastime
188
Ananda is not Bliss
189
Summary of Kavya Non-Translatables
191
Acknowledgements
193
Selected Bibliography
195
Notes
199